Words and Photos by Myungsook Lee
Rise and fall in numbers of international students
According to Citizenship and Immigration Canada, every year more than 136 countries send their students called international or foreign students to Canada. Last year, 85,140 new students came to Canada. Most of them are from Asia: China (19.2%), South Korea (11.2%), India (6.7%) and Japan (3.8%) while USA (5.3%) and European countries such as France (5.3%), Germany (2.7%), UK (1.6%) comprise less than 6% of all students.
It is interesting to notice that the number of international students change, as their countries¡¯ economy and social development go up or down. In 1990s the top 5 countries sending students to Canada were Korea (16%), China (10%), US(9.4%), Japan(9.1%), France (6.4%) yet in 2009, the rank was dramatically changed: China (19%), Korea (12%), India (5.7%), France (6.4%), and Saudi Arabia (6.2%). Obviously, we can see China has
become the leader and the student numbers from Japan, Taiwan, and Korea, Hong Kong are declining.
The power of BRICs (Brazil, Russia, India, and China: emerging countries because of their potential power in population and resources) are starting to show up in the number of international students.
Who are international students?
There are several different groups of students coming to Canada: university students, other post secondary students, K-12 students, trade students and others who are enrolled in language training programs to improve or practice English (In 2009, the level of study was University 43%, other post-secondary 21.9%, K-secondary 19.5%, Trade 8.3%, other 7.2%).
Under the group of K-12 students there are two different types: Students live with or without parents (it means students either stay with home-stay families or parents). The district they choose depends on what is best for the children. Burnaby School District doesn¡¯t allow children younger than 12 years old to come to school without a parent, yet Surrey School District accepts them if they have a legal guardian in Canada.
If we categorize them according to how long they stay in Canada, there are only two types: short term students who stay less than 6 months, which doesn¡¯t require student visa. And another group of students are long term, which means more than 6 months, and they require a student visa to enter Canada.
Why do they come?
The reason that international students come to Canada can differ from country to country. But when you look at a case study, it will give you a hint. For example, according to Statistics Korea, the college entrance rate in 2009 was 81.3%. In 1990 it was 33.2%, in 1994 45.3%, in 1997 60.1%, in 2001 70.5%, in 2004, 81.3%, in 2008 83.8%. However, Korean college graduates employment rate was only 55% in 2009. As you can see, college
students must do something more competitive than others to win in the job market. Overseas study and work experience in English-speaking countries are preferred in the globalized business environment.
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DIVERSE 5th Issue
We are pleased to announce that DIVERSE 5th issue, Summer 2011 has been released.
12 Diversity in Canadian Workplaces What are the obstacles to a better form of ¡°diversity¡± in the workplace?
- Open Door Group
- BC Workplace Diversity Inclusion Awards
6 BC¡¯s Diversity through 30 portraits
2 ThePower of Exchange A Historic Collaboration between Germany¡¯s
Premiere Art Collections and Canada¡¯s First Nations
28 Ezra Kwizera Born in Uganda to Rwandese refugee parents, Canadian Musician and genocide survivor speaks on the art of forgiveness and of adapting to Canadian culture
42 Dana Claxton
The Mustang Suite: Questioning mobility, freedom and autonomy
24 Gung Haggis Fat Choy in Vancouver, BC: The Diversity of Canada
38 Denise Brillon Breaking barriers in the fashion world
32 Pysanky¡¯s Resurgence
Joan Brander¡¯s contribution to the renaissance in traditional
Ukrainian egg art
10 Publisher¡¯s Note
27 Benefits of being a bilingual writer
31 Canadians come in all differences
NEWS & INFORMATIONS
35 News Briefs on Multiculturalism
36 Publisher¡¯s Picks
You Can Order Here.